Gwadar is strategically located between three increasingly important regions: the oil-rich Middle, heavily populated South Asia and the economically emerging and resource-laden region of Central Asia. Gwadar is the location of the Gwadar Port, a warm-water, deep sea port.
Commercially, it is hoped that the
View of the Earth centred over
The Makran region surrounding Gwadar was occupied by an ancient Bronze Agepeople which settled in the few oases. It later became the Gedrosia region of theAchaemenid Persian empire. It is believed to have been conquered by the founder of the
The region remained on the sidelines of history for a millennium, until the Arab-Muslimarmy of Muhammad bin Qasim captured the town of Gwadar in 711 CE and over the intervening (and nearly equivalent) amount of time the area was contested by various powers, including the Mughals (from the east) and the Safavids (from the west). ThePortuguese captured, sacked and burnt Gwadar in 1581, and this was then followed by almost two centuries of local rule by the various Balochi tribes. The city was visited by Ottoman Admiral Seydi Ali Reis in 1550s and mentioned in his book Mirat ul Memalik (The Mirror of Countries), 1557 CE. According to Seydi Ali Reis, the inhabitants of Gwadar were Baloch and their chief was Malik Jelaleddin, son of Malik Dinar. In 1783, the Khan of Kalatgranted suzerainty over Gwadar to Taimur Sultan, the defeated ruler of Muscat. When the sultan subsequently retook
Until 1958 Gwadar was part of
As well as being district headquarters, the town of
§ Gwadar Southern
§ Gwadar Northern
Gwadar is at 0–300 meters above sea level, is dry arid hot. The oceanic influence keeps the temperature lower than that in the interior in summer and higher in winter. The mean temperature in the hottest month (June) remains between 31°C and 32°. The mean temperature in the coolest month (January) varies from 18°C to 19°C. The uniformity of temperature is a unique characteristic of the coastal region in Balochistan. Occasionally, winds moving down the Balochistan plateau bring brief cold spells, otherwise the winter is pleasant. In Gwadar, winter is shorter than summer. Although Gwadar is not a monsoon region it still receives light monsoon showers coming fromKarachi. But in winter, Western Disturbance can cause heavy Showers. Annual rainfall is only 100mm (3 inches). In June 2010, Gwadar city was battered by Cyclone Phet with record-breaking rains of 372mm and winds up to 75 mph.
Gwadar's location and history have given it a unique blend of cultures. The Arabic influence upon Gwadar is strong as a consequence of theOmani era and the close proximity of other Arab-majority regions. The legacy of the Omanis is observed in the population by the presence of residents which can trace their descent from the Zanj slaves and free men (Afro Arabs), who have settled in the town during Omani rule. They have an Arab dance and music called Liwa which is also performed in the Arabian Peninsula.The area also has a remarkable religious diversity, being home to not only Sunni, Ibadi and Zikri Muslims, but also to groups of Christians, Hindus, Parsis, and various minorities such as the Ahmadies.
Ships in the beautiful Gwadar west bay
Gwadar is located on the Gulf of Oman close to the entrance of the
The construction of the port has spurred other major infrastructure projects in the area. This includes the 700 km Makran Coastal Highway which is now complete. The road links
The Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan has earmarked 3000 acres (12 km²) of land for Gwadar International Airport which will be built 26 km away to the northeast of the existing airport towards Pasni and is likely to cost between $200–250 million. The new airport will be given international status and operate under the open sky policy. In the meantime there are plans to improve facilities at the existing airport.
Former Railway Minister Sheikh Rashid Ahmad said, “The government is focusing on laying the Havelian-Kashghar (
Strategic location of Gwadar, and possible oil lines through the region
The Gwadar deep-sea port emerges as a place of great strategic value, enhancing
Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of
The construction of the Gwadar deep-sea port is just one component of a larger development plan which includes building a network of roads connecting Gwadar with the rest of Pakistan, such as the 650 km Coastal Highway to Karachi and the Gwadar-Turbat road (188 km). This network of roads connects with
The Pakistani Government has initiated several projects, with majority financial and technical assistance from
The project's fate is tied to the decentralization of government in
Mainly the Economy of Gwadar is based on Fishing Industry as it is located on the 600 Kilometers coastline, other main business in Gwadar is of Livestock. Balochistan (Pakistan) is the largest exporter of livestock to the world from
Around 70,000 Pakistani citizens work in
A number of electric power generation projects are also being carried out in Gwadar and in its surroundings. The Quetta Electric Supply Company (QESCO), a subsidiary of the Wapda, has geared up the work for building the power transmission line. It is expected to be completed soon. Recently
Gwadar has a big airport for commercial aircraft. There is a need for the expansion of the airport and enlargement of its runway to facilitate the landing of wide body aircraft. The Civil Aviation Authority has been directed to upgrade
A dry port in the Sino-Pakistani border town of
Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP)-apex body of the rice exporters in the country- has decided to establish a rice zone in Gwadar to fetch the opportunities in the area after the construction of new port. The establishment of warehouses will provide extraordinary facilities to rice exporters especially for those who export rice to
rs and other plants have been installed in addition to a 50 MW power-house. 33 km railway line from Taftan to Saindak has also been laid. The Chinese company MRDL has so far invested $25 million (Rs 1.5 billion) on the project.
Trans-Afghan Gas Pipeline
The 1400 km Trans-Afghan Gas Pipeline (TAP) from Turkemenistan to Gwadar(Pakistan), a long-dormant project that would pump Turkmen natural gas to markets in South Asia, may finally be poised to begin at a cost of $3 billion. The Government has announced that a massive defense facility will be constructed in the city in order to guarantee the security of the area. The Government has also announced that a new shipbuilding centre will be built at Gwadar, with an as-yet unspecified international partner.
A view of
Port of Singapore was scheduled to take over management of
The first ship anchored in the Gwadar port on